Celox-Coated Gauze for the Treatment of Civilian Penetrating Trauma: A Randomized Clinical Trial




Using the celox-coated gauze is able to achieve hemostasis in penetrating limb trauma faster than the conventional pressure bandage. Further research is required to clarify the subset of patients who will benefit the most from this effect in the emergency department. Background: Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a well-recognized cause of mortality in trauma victims and the control of active hemorrhage is among the initial steps in resuscitation. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the role of a hemostatic agent "celox" in the management of civilian stab-wound trauma. Patients and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 160 patients with penetrating limb trauma were randomly allocated to either the control or intervention group (n = 80, each group). Controls were treated with the simple pressure dressing, while the celox-coated gauze was used in the intervention group. The time for achievement of hemostasis and the amount of bleeding were recorded. Data were analyzed using SPSS Version 21 and Stata 13. A P value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.