Document Type : Original Article
Department of Environmental Sciences and Forest, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Hazrat -e Fateme Masoume Hospital, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Biostatistics Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Introduction: Radio waves, such as cordless phones and wireless modems, have increased significantly. This study aimed to measure the effects of the 2.45 GHz wave on a mice's immune system's blood markers.
Method: Seventy-two male mice were used. Mice’s were divided into one control group and two radiation-exposed groups (A and B). Then, there were two Wi-Fi modems, one plain and without an antenna, for group a mouse contact. The other was the type with two antennas; the mice in group B were brought into contact. After exposure, blood samples regarding white blood cells, monocytes, lymphocytes, and neutrophils were analyzed.
Results: White blood cells, monocytes, lymphocytes, and neutrophils increased in the control group (P<0.001). However, these parameters significantly declined over time in the two intervention groups (P<0.001). The blood parameters of the mice in the two intervention groups exposed to various modems were similar (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The results indicated the interference of waves of this spectrum, mainly radio frequency, with the immune system of exposed mice. Blood cells are more susceptible to long-term exposure to Wi-Fi waves and have a downward trend in terms of number. Also, no significant difference was observed between the blood parameters of the two groups with different modems.