Document Type : Original Article
MD Student, Student Research Committee, Chronic Kidney Disease Research Center (CKDRC), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
MSC of Nursing, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Shahid Beheshti Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Assistant Professor of Nursing, Department of Nursing, Amol Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran
MSC of Nursing, Nahavand School of Allied Medical Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Ph.D. of Nursing, Clinical Research Development Unit of Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Introduction: Aspiration-induced pneumonia is responsible for 15-20% of hospital infections and a 39% increase in costs. Besides, it is one of the ten leading causes of death in the USA. It can be prevented by choosing the feeding method. This study aimed to assess the incidence of respiratory aspiration using the tube feeding method of intermittent drip bag.
Methods: This one group only post-test study was conducted on 36 ICU trauma patients. The patients were fed using the tube feeding method of intermittent drip bag for three days, each time with 150 to 300 cc liquid nourishing solution for 30 to 60 minutes with three-hour intervals. To detect respiratory aspiration, 0.5 cc of methylene blue 1% was added to 500 cc of the liquid. In case the patients needed suction, whenever the blue color of methylene blue was observed in the lung secretions during suction of the respiratory tube, incidence of respiratory aspiration was ascertained. The data were collected using Demographic information registration form and Clinical Information Registration Questionnaire. Then, the data were analyzed using SPSS V19 and descriptive and analytic statistics.
Results: The results revealed no incidence of respiratory aspiration via the tube feeding method of intermittent drip bag during three consecutive days.
Conclusion: The present study indicated no respiratory aspiration observed using the tube feeding method of intermittent drip bag, this method can be utilized in the centers that are not equipped with feeding pump. Moreover, using feeding bags instead of feeding pumps plays a key role in reducing related costs.