Vision Zero: Evolution History and Developing Trend in Road Safety: A Scoping Review

Document Type : Systematic Review


1 Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Workplace Health Promotion Research Center (WHPRC), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

5 Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Family Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden



Background and Objective: Vision Zero is a public policy approach that aims to achieve a road traffic system with no fatalities or serious injuries as a result of road traffic crashes (RTCs). This study aimed to investigate the history of Vision Zero evolution and trends in road safety worldwide.
Methods: A Scoping Review based on the Arksey and O’Malley as well as the Joanna Briggs Institute framework was conducted. This framework consists of five steps: Research question identification; Identifying relevant studies; Selection of study; Data charting; and Gathering, summarizing, and reporting the results.
Results: Finally, 37 articles met the inclusion criteria. The trending of deaths caused by RTCs in the countries implementing Vision Zero shows a decreasing rate in deaths caused by RTCs. Although this rate is different in countries, generally in some countries like Sweden it was explicit.
Conclusion: Vision Zero has had an evolutionary development in many countries. Due to the significant impact of the implementation of Vision Zero, many countries are seeking to adopt or implement this approach. Although there are some challenges in implementing Vision Zero in different countries but based on its philosophy, there is a growing rate for implementing it in different settings.


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 07 January 2021
  • Receive Date: 21 August 2020
  • Revise Date: 24 November 2020
  • Accept Date: 22 December 2020