Evaluation of Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma in Tehran from 2008 to 2016

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Craniomaxillofacial Research Center, Dental Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Craniomaxillofacial Research Center, Dental Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

10.5812/traumamon.67802.

Abstract

Background: The management of maxillofacial injuries is one of the most common challenges in the healthcare field as surgeons, who treat these patients have additional responsibilities in terms of esthetic reconstruction as well as restoration of the patient’s appearance and function.
Objectives: The aim of the present studywas to evaluate the epidemiology and etiology of trauma at BualiHospital of Tehran during 2008 to 2016.
Methods: In this retrospective study, the files of all the trauma patients (n = 293) that had referred to Buali Hospital were investigated, and demographic data and etiologic factors were extracted. Radiographs were analyzed with regards to fracture patterns. The results were statistically analyzed using the SPSS 22 software.
Results: The mean age was 29.18 ± 14.74 years in males and 34.48 ± 19.81 years in females. Fractures were more frequent at ages between 21 and 30 years (39.9%) and less common among 71- to 84-year-olds (2.4%). Most patients were males (78.8%). Of all 474 fractures in 293 patients, zygomatic fractures were the most common fractures (18.6%), while Lefort III in the maxilla was the least common type (1.3%). The main cause of fracture was motor vehicle accidents (51.5%), whereas workplace injuries were uncommon (11.4%).
Conclusions: According to the results, fractures often occur in males in the third decade of life due to their roles in the community. In the current study, similar to other studies carried out in developing countries, the main cause of fractures was motor vehicle accidents. Most of the patients were treated by open reduction. The most frequent side effect was sensory disorders.

Keywords