Policies on Protecting Vulnerable People During Disasters in Iran: A Document Analysis




Context: Developing official protection policies for disasters is a main strategy in protecting vulnerable people. The aim of this study was to analyze official documents concerning policies on protecting vulnerable people during disasters. Evidence Acquisition: This study was conducted by the qualitative document analysis method. Documents were gathered by searching websites and referring to the organizations involved in disaster management. The documents were assessed by a researcher-made data collection form. A directed content analysis approach was used to analyze the retrieved documents regarding the protection policies and legislation for vulnerable people. Results: A total of 22 documents were included in the final analysis. Most of the documents referred to women, children, elderly people, poor, and villagers as vulnerable people. Moreover, the documents did not provide information regarding official measures for protecting vulnerable people during different phases of disaster management. Conclusions: A clear and comprehensive definition of "vulnerable people" and formulation of official policies to protect them is needs to be formulated. Given the high prevalence of disasters in Iran, policymakers need to develop effective context-based policies to protect vulnerable people during disasters.